July 11, 2012 journal, Jerusalem verifies the 10 lost tribes of Israel and I fully agree with him to a point until he changes his direction on the big picture of the Israeli occupation of Palestine. I believe the 10 lost tribes of Israel settled Great Britain and the United States of America. I quote Yair Davidiy as a matter of history but do not agree with him totally. "Esau and His Kin. Contents: The Family of Edom in Chronicles: 1-Chronicles 1:35-52 with BAC (Brit-Am Commentary) Explanations.Essay: The Chiefs of Edom & Germany. The Family of Edom in Chronicles http://www.britam.org/1Chron/1Chron.html#5 (Yair has been known to say some ugly things about Christian people.) [1-Chronicles 1:34] And Abraham begot Isaac. The sons of Isaac were Esau and Israel. Esau and Jacob were twin brothers. Jacob was later re-named Israel. Esau is pronounced Esav in Modern Hebrew. Esau is also known as Edom. The Edomites were extremely important. Edom as a Kingdom was orginally to the southeast of Israel on the other side of the Jordan. In Second Temple times a portion of the Edomites moved in to the area of Judah in the region of Hebron in the south. Esau later became an important element amongst the Elite Rulers of Europe. See our (uncompleted) series of articles: Esau and the EdomitesEdomites http://www.britam.org/Edom/EsauContents.html [1-Chronicles 1:35] The sons of Esau were Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. The mother of Eliphaz was Adah the Hittitess. Eliphaz the Temanite (from Esau) is recalled in the Book of Job (2:11). Eliphaz probably means "God is Great". Reuel has a name meaninjg "God is my Shepherd" or "God is my companion". His mother was a daughter of Ishmael.Ishmael represents the Arabs. Esau heads the Continental Europeans. Ishmael and Esau are destined to attempt to unite against Israel in the Latter Days. Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah were all the sons of Oholibimah the daughter of a Horites commander of Seir and considered a Hivitess. These are considered to have been Indo-Europeans from the linguistic point of view though Scripture counts them as Canaanites. [1-Chronicles 1:36] And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, and Kenaz; and by Timna, Amalek.Zephi. Spelled Zepho in Genesis 36:11. Kenaz is also the name of one of the ten Canaanite nations whose land was promised to Abraham (Genesis 15:19).Kenaz was also the name of one of the Dukes (Elufim) of Teman (Genesis 15:53-54).Kenaz was also the name of a clan of Judah to which Caleb and Othniel belonged (1-Chronicles 4:13). In Scripture similarity or identity of names sometimes presages future union or association. This however is not an iron-clad rule. It may not hold in every case. Amalek is the arch-enemy of Israel. He is different from the rest of the Edomites and far more virulent in his hatred of Israel (Exodus 17:8-16). There is an opinion (Iben Ezra, etc) however that there were actually two different nations named Amalek. [1-Chronicles 1:37] The sons of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. The Family of Seir [1-Chronicles 1:38] The sons of Seir were Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. In Hebrew "Seir" means hair. The name Seir suggests hairy. Esau when he was born was described as red and hairy. The Land of Edom was also known as Seir. The word "seir" also means goat or demon. The people of Seir appear to have been Canaanites. They were subjugated by the Edomites, partly exterminated, and partly assimilated. This is similar to what the Germans later did in East Germany and Prussia with the Slavs whom they first decimated and then Germanized. Seir has also been equated linguistically with Scheria of Greek tradition. Scheria was also known as Scherie or Phaeacia. It was an island visited by Odysseus as described Homer. Phaeacia may be simply another form of Phoenicia and the island in question may be Cyprus or Britain. This is all conjecture that may have something to it but we do not need it. At the most we could use these kind of ideas as footnotes or adjuncts to deductions made by other more substantial ways. Lotan is the name of a seven-headed sea serpent or dragon in Ugaritic (Canaaanite or Northern Israelite) mythology. Lotan was also the name of the mother of the Greek god Apollo. The cult of Lotan was to be associated with the Philistines. There may also have been an Israelite connection, and one to Stonehenge in Britain. Robert Graves remarked on the Cult of Lotan mother of Apollo that it connected Philistia, the Nabataeans, Greece, and Britain. See our notes: "Brit-Am Now"-610 #1. Summary of and Commentary on Sweeney. http://www.britam.org/now/610Now.html The name of Phoenicia is derived from the Greek Phoiník meaning red. The explanation is that the Phoenicians traded in purple dye and therefore they were named after it. Another possibility however it that the Phoenicians included a strong Edomite element. The word Edom means red. The chief cities of Phoenicia were Tyre and Sidon. Tyre had two sections, one part on the coast and the other on an island just off the coast. The mainland sections was known as Ushu. The Phoenician Chronicler Sanchuniathon (quoted by Philo) indicates that Ushu was founded by Esau. Edom would serve as an agent of Assyria and facilitate the Exile the Ten Tribes (Amos 1:6,9). The Prophet Amos tells us that Philistine and Phoenician ships would cooperate with Assyria in exiling the Israelites to Edom. The Philistines may be associated archaeologically with the so-called Minoan civilization of Crete. The remains of Minoan settlement have been found in northern Germany near the border with Denmark. Curiously enough the regions of these finds is today named Edomsharde i.e. Rock of Edom. [1-Chronicles 1:39] And the sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; Lotan's sister was Timna. [1-Chronicles 1:40] The sons of Shobal were Alian, Manahath, Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. The sons of Zibeon were Ajah and Anah. Alian spelled Alvan in Genesis 36:2,3 Shephi spelled Shepho in Genesis 36:23, [1-Chronicles 1:41] The son of Anah was Dishon. The sons of Dishon were Hamran, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. Hamran spelled Hemdan in Genesis 36:26. [1-Chronicles 1:42] The sons of Ezer were Bilhan, Zaavan, and Jaakan. The sons of Dishan were Uz and Aran. Jaakan spelled Akan in Genesis 36:27 The Kings of Edom [1-Chronicles 1:43] Now these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before a king reigned over the children of Israel: Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. [1-Chronicles 1:44] And when Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his place. 45 When Jobab died, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his place. 46 And when Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, ho attacked Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his place. The name of his city was Avith. 47 When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his place. 48 And when Samlah died, Saul of Rehoboth-by-the-River reigned in his place. Rehoboth-by-the-River was located on the Euphrates. 49 When Saul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place. 50 And when Baal-Hanan died, Hadad reigned in his place; and the name of his city was Pai. His wife's name was Mehetabel the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. Hadad spelled Hadar in Genesis 36:39.Pai spelled Pau in Genesis 36:39. 51 Hadad died also. And the chiefs of Edom were Chief Timnah, Chief Aliah,[t] Chief Jetheth, Aliah spelled Alvah in Genesis 36:40. 52 Chief Aholibamah, Chief Elah, Chief Pinon, 53 Chief Kenaz, Chief Teman, Chief Mibzar, 54 Chief Magdiel, and Chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom. The Chiefs of Edom and Germany http://www.britam.org/1Chron/1Chron.html#6 One of the characteristics of Edom is the Principle of Leadership. In 1-Chronicles 1:52 we have an expression, "the chiefs of Edom". So too, Genesis (36:15) speaks of the "Dukes of Esau". The word translated as Duke or leader in Hebrew is Aluph meaning general or commander. "Duke" derives from the Latin "Dux" meaning leader. This is a good equivalent to "Aluph". "Aluph" is from the root "aleph" connoting train, teach, assist. The English word "help" may come from this root. Edom is identified with Rome and Germany and other places in Europe. The leaders of Edom are called"Aluphim" (singular: Aluph) in Hebrew. This is translated as Duke." It is interesting that the Italian Fascist Dictator, Mussolini, was called IL DUCE or The Duke. Mussolini set the tone. He was the model for Hitler and company. It is also interesting that Italy, Germany, and Japan, together with Hungary, Austria, and Rumania were part of the Axis forces that fought against Judah and Israel. The leadership or "frueher" principle was very important in fascist and Germanic-Nazi thinking and quite effective. It must have reflected some deep aspect of the peoples it was applied to and utilized by. Compare the following notes on this matter. Models of Leadership in the Third Reich. Brit-Am Historical Notes. There are three models below. All of these are historically valid. They should be viewed as overlapping rather than cancelling each other out. 1. The Autocratic Model. From Hitler down. This understanding locates the source of Nazism in Hitler who passed on commandments to his followers. 2. Fuehrer Anticipation. Fuehrer Principle. Those in charge would be allowed and even encouraged to act as they thought Hitler or those above them wanted. We thus have subservients acting differently to, and at cross purposes with, each other until their leaders send them additional directions clarifying what is wanted. This also explains why at the beginning of Nazi Rule there were cases of officials who expressed opinions or acted in ways contradictory to later policy. A variant of the leadership principle was employed to great effect in the German Armed Forces. The man in the field was often allowed a great deal of autonomy to improvise and use initiative. Due to the high standard of training and motivation this was often extremely effective. The Allies on the other hand due to the hurried training and lower standard of their troops had to be quite constrictive in the latitude allowed their forces. This resulted in the paradox that the autocratic Axis nations often enabled individual creative expression of the military instinct in their soldiers whereas the freedom-loving Democracies were forced to strictly circumscribe it. 3. Folk Arousal. Apex Leadership Cadre Pushed from Behind. A group of leaders exists at the top. They are in charge and they formulate policy. They owe their power however to resonance with the folk instincts of the people. It thus may happen on occasion that the leadership will be pushed aside. Hitler and company were therefore tools whose usefulness continued as long as they gave expression to what the folk needed. This explains such incidents as the Jew, Ernst Hess. This man had been brought up a Protestant and was married to an Aryan. He had received the Iron Cross first and second class in World War 1 during which time he had been the commander of Adolf Hitler. By profession Hess was a judge in Dusseldorf. Himmler gave Hess a letter of protection which explicitly said "as per the Fuehrer's wishes." This letter helped Hess from 1937 to 1940 when the letter was taken from him and he was sent to a concentration camp, which he was lucky enough to survive. His sister died at Auschwitz. Here we have a case in which the wish of Hitler extending exceptional leniency to a Jew was in fact disregarded. Hess was treated with slightly less severity because he was married to a German. We see from this incident that Hitler himself was in a de facto sense not considered as have overriding authority in racial matters. The reality of the Third Reich appears to have been a combination of all the above three models. Hitler (as Jung noted) managed in some way to personify the soul of Germany. He was given power to rule and ruled from the top down. Even so, there were many fields in which the wishes of Hitler at first were not clear or in which how to apply the will of Hitler was not certain. In such cases the local plenipotentiaries would second guess what the Leadership required. So too, German society is often pictured as being terrorized by the Gestapo. In effect the Gestapo and similar agencies had very few full-time staff. Numerous German citizens regularly and officiously reported to the Gestapo and assisted in police enforcement activities. This enabled the system to work. Once the system was in operation it took on a will of its own. Even Hitler could not have changed it once its form was settled on. This albeit partial and sketchy analysis of leadership patterns in the Third Reich is nevertheless interesting when considered in the light of the Dukes or Leaders of Edom. Leadership is an Edomite asset. So are martial qualities. Esau was blessed that he should live by the sword (Genesis 27:40)."